Your dentist or dental hygienist will determine the appropriate periodontal treatment based on the stage of the disease and level of severity.
Periodontal disease is characterized by the eventual wearing away of the space between the tooth and gums. As the space gets wider, it fills with tartar, bacteria and plaque, causing the surrounding tissues to become red, swollen and irritated. If left unchecked, the bones that support the teeth will loosen to the point of tooth loss!
Caught in the early stages with no damage, gingivitis can be treated with one of two deep cleanings and a commitment to improved oral hygiene. It is important to closely follow all instructions given by your dentist.
In the more advanced stages, a specialized cleaning called scaling and root planing will be required. Local anesthesia is usually applied and the cleaning is done on one section of the mouth at a time. This procedure is intended to remove buildup of tartar and plaque from above and below the gum line (scaling). The rough spots on the surfaces of the roots are also smoothed (planing). This treatment will shrink the space in between the teeth and help the tissue to heal. You can speed up healing and control infection with the use of electric toothbrushes and medicated mouthwashes and rinses.
If additional scaling and root planing is ineffective in helping the tissue to heal, periodontal surgery or a referral to a periodontal specialist may be necessary.
To learn more, read our blogs and other pages: